n безработный: the unemployed — безработные Unemployed относится к собирательным существительным, обозначающим группу людей. The unemployed — безработные, the blind — слепые и другие слова этого типа образованы субстантивацией прилагательных и причастий, которая оформляется определенным артиклем. Подобные единицы не имеют формы множественного числа, но согласуются с глаголом во множественном числе. К таким субстантивированным прилагательным и причастиям относятся the unemployed — безработные, the killed — убитые, the wounded — раненые, the missing — пропавшие без вести, the poor — бедняки, the rich — богачи, the deaf — глухие, the dead — мертвые, the blind — слепые, etc.:

The wounded were taken to hospital — Раненых привезли/доставили в госпиталь.

Русское безработный (когда речь идет об одном человеке) передается сочетанием прилагательного с существительным:

an unemployed worker (miner, etc.) — безработный рабочий (шахтер и т. д.);

a deaf man — глухой.

English-Russian word troubles. 2014.

Смотреть что такое "unemployed" в других словарях:

  • Unemployed — Un em*ployed , a. 1. Not employed in manual or other labor; having no regular work. [1913 Webster] 2. Not invested or used; as, unemployed capital. [1913 Webster] 3. (Economics) actively seeking employment but unable to find a suitable job. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • unemployed — 1600, at leisure, not occupied, from UN (Cf. un ) (1) not + pp. of EMPLOY (Cf. employ). Meaning temporarily out of work is from 1660s. The noun meaning unemployed persons collectively is from 1782; unemployment first recorded 1888. [Say the]… …   Etymology dictionary

  • unemployed — [un΄emploid′] adj. 1. not employed; without work 2. not being used; idle the unemployed people who are out of work …   English World dictionary

  • unemployed — I adjective disengaged, disused, doing nothing, idle, inactive, jobless, leisured, not employed, not working, otiosus, out of employment, out of work, unengaged, unoccupied, unused, vacuus, without employment, workless associated concepts:… …   Law dictionary

  • unemployed — [adj] without a job at liberty*, between jobs*, closed down*, disengaged, down, fired, free, idle, inactive, jobless, laid off, leisured, loafing*, on layoff, on the bench*, on the dole*, on the shelf*, out of action*, out of a job, out of work,… …   New thesaurus

  • unemployed — ► ADJECTIVE 1) without a paid job but available to work. 2) (of a thing) not in use …   English terms dictionary

  • unemployed — ▪ I. unemployed un‧em‧ployed 1 [ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪd◂] adjective without a job: • I have been unemployed for two years. • an unemployed accountant   [m0] ▪ II. unemployed unemployed 2 noun [plural] …   Financial and business terms

  • unemployed — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun the unemployed ADJECTIVE ▪ long term PREPOSITION ▪ among the unemployed ▪ The party s policies were popular among the unemployed …   Collocations dictionary

  • unemployed — [[t]ʌ̱nɪmplɔ͟ɪd[/t]] ADJ Someone who is unemployed does not have a job. The problem is millions of people are unemployed... This workshop helps young unemployed people in Grimsby... Have you been unemployed for over six months? N PLURAL: the N… …   English dictionary

  • unemployed — un|em|ployed1 W3S2 [ˌʌnımˈplɔıd] adj without a job = ↑out of work ▪ an unemployed actor ▪ I ve only been unemployed for a few weeks. unemployed 2 unemployed2 n the unemployed [plural] people who have no job the long term unemployed (=people who… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • unemployed — un|em|ployed [ ,ʌnım plɔıd ] adjective *** without a job: About 8.4 million people are unemployed in the United States today. an unemployed actor/engineer/teacher a. the unemployed people who are unemployed: Up to 60% of the unemployed were women …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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